This algorithm is a combination of 3 binary maps, based on the well known NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index), NDWI (Normalized Difference Water Index), band ratio and NDBI (Normalized Difference Built-up Index). Although we know that every location has a different behavior, we applied crisp thresholds to those indices (plus the ratio of visible bands). The thresholds were defined empirically.
The result is particularly useful for an overview of where are the cities, and their relations to water bodies and vegetation areas.
Thales Sehn Koerting
Inserted are 2 examples:
Besides the 3 basic targets such as Rooftops, Vegetation and Water, it is possible to view the following in the results:
Since the thresholds were defined empirically, the author chose the more conservative way (some areas are omitted). The algorithm can be influenced by cloud shadow and also the countries coast.